This is an optimization problem that minimizes a real valued objective function, one or multi
dimension. Optimization, or mathematical programming, refers to choosing the best element from
some set of available alternatives. In the simplest case, this means solving problems in which
one seeks to minimize (or maximize) a real function by systematically choosing the values of real
or integer variables from within an allowed set. The generalization of optimization theory and
techniques to other formulations comprises a large area of applied mathematics. More generally,
it means finding "best available" values of some objective function given a defined domain,
including a variety of different types of objective functions and different types of domains.